The Contribution of Archaeological Surveys on the Perception of Cultural Heritage: Cilicia As a Case Study
Keywords:Archaeological Survey, Cultural Heritage and Surveys, Survey interdisciplinary approaches, Cilician Surveys , Surveys and using GIS , Survey and 3D Modeling , Surveys and photogrammetry, Surveys and remote sensing methods
In archaeology, the primary contribution of surveys to cultural heritage is that it provides an alternative to excavation. Thus, it ensures that the destruction of cultural heritage by excavation is avoided. This study first addresses the relationships between archaeology and cultural heritage. A description of archaeological information on the history of surveys are made. Furthermore, the contributions of surveying to cultural heritage are conveyed. Cilicia Region is the geographical limitation of the research. The material of the study is diversely selected from surveys carried out in the Cilician Region. Interdisciplinary works contributing to archaeological surveys are also presented. Many of them such as geography, geology, hydrology, Geomatics Engineering, epigraphy contribute to this research. In addition, common application methods (GIS, 3D Modelling, Photogrammetry etc.) of this studies are also discussed in this study. The implications of all these studies for cultural heritage are given. Temporally, the study covers the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Periods. The final section concludes the study by providing a general framework for the benefits of surveys for cultural heritage.