Cultural Heritage and Science <p><strong>Publisher: <a href="">Mersin University</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Online ISSN: 2757-9050</strong></p> Mersin University en-US Cultural Heritage and Science 2757-9050 Rural Settlements Survey in The Chora of Diocaesarea <p>The ancient city of Diocaesarea located in the village of Uzuncaburç nearly 30 km north of Silifke in Mersin province. The objective of this study was to determine the character of the ancient city and to review the changes it underwent throughout different periods, as well as to learn its layout and plan. To achieve this, it was aimed to explore the settlements around the ancient city of Diocaesarea in order to derive results regarding the connection between the ancient city and its <em>chora</em>. The ancient city of Diocaesarea developed around the temple to Zeus Olbios and was the administrative and religious center of the region in the Hellenistic period attaining its monumental character in the Roman Imperial period. In the course of our surveys in the chora of Diocaesarea numerous settlements of varying sizes and dating to various periods have been documented. Most of them stand out with their well preserved remains. Remains recorded at settlements belong to a time span from the Hellenistic period through late antiquity. Settlements of Hellenistic character within the survey area are parts of a common defense and settlement system. The polygonal masonry observed on some structures of these rural settlements indicate that these settlements came into use in the Hellenistic period. These settlements remained inhabited after the Hellenistic period. Furthermore, many more settlements of rural character were also founded during and after the Roman period. With the Roman period a new settlement pattern arose in the region, and the Hellenistic settlements lost their defensive functions yet remained alive as rural settlements, which actually increased in number</p> Ümit AYDINOĞLU Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage and Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 2 1 1 6 Tarsus and Hinterland: Roads and Cultural Heritage Effects <p>Tarsus, the capital of Cilicia Region, was at every period of its history the chief political and economic center of the region. The main reason for this situation is to be found in the fact that Tarsus has a large and fertile territory, and possesses a port on the Mediterranean coast, through which the Kydnos River passes. The fact that Tarsus is located at the point where the most important main road connecting Anatolia with the Eastern Mediterranean and Syrian geography enters the plain also made the city important and because of this road, it is also important in cultural and artistic terms for the inner regions of Anatolia in addition to its commercial, military or political importance. It has made it a city open to interaction with. It is possible to identify and trace the traces of this artistic interaction in rural settlements in the hinterland of Tarsus, rather than in the city centre, where archaeological research is difficult and limited due to the fact that it is a living city. Side streets that connect to the ancient main street, dated to Roman Period, and rural settlements located along these streets house monuments that represent this interaction. The main reason for the artistic and cultural interactions with Phrygia and Lycaonia and Kappadokia Regions from the early period is the heavy traffic of the Via Tauri, transporting not only people and goods in their culture.</p> Deniz KAPLAN Şener YILDIRIM Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage and Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 2 1 7 9 Evaluation of Village Rooms within the Scope of Intangible and Cultural Heritage: The Case of Isparta-Yalvaç <p>In rural areas, different cultures, lifestyles, habits, customs and traditions, and structures with different shapes reflected these were built. Village rooms should also be considered intangible cultural heritage values regarding their functional characteristics and implementation. These buildings, built with Folk Architecture characteristics, have started to disappear physically along with the original functions they have lost today. It has been determined within the scope of the "Intangible Cultural Heritage of Isparta" project supported by the Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Isparta Yalvaç District, Körküler Village, Süleyman Demirel University, where the examples of this building type exist. Necessary data were collected through multi-disciplinary field studies conducted. There is a typical architectural style in the buildings. As a result of the social value given to the building function and the different dynamics, the buildings have been highly preserved.</p> Seda ŞİMŞEK TOLACI Duygu KÖSE Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage and Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 2 1 10 18 ionic kyma A Unique Ionic Cymation from Theater of Diocaesarea (Uzuncaburç) in Rough Cilicia <p>The ancient city of Diocaesarea (Uzuncaburç) which is within the borders of the Eastern Rough Cilicia (Olba Region), draws attention with its Hellenistic, Roman and Late Antiquity ruins. Among these ruins, the theater is one of the few preserved examples in the city. The Monument can be dated precisely thanks to the inscription of scaenae. During the excavations conducted in 2017, several architectural blocks belonging to the scaenae of the theater, previously unknown, were unearthed. They present a rich picture with the architectural ornaments they carry, as well as gaining new data in the architecture of the especially Cilicia region and Asia Minor. In this study, the ionic cymation on a frieze piece obtained during excavations in the theater will be evaluated. Thanks to the “bead-and-reel” on the ionic cymation tongues, it appears as a unique ornament that has not been published before in Cilicia, Asia Minor and Syria. In this respect, it is understood that it differs from the ionic cymations used in buildings in other cities and a new style is used, and this is probably done by local workshops.</p> Okan ÖZDEMİR Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage and Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 2 1 19 24 The Contribution of Archaeological Surveys on the Perception of Cultural Heritage: Cilicia As a Case Study <p>In archaeology, the primary contribution of surveys to cultural heritage is that it provides an alternative to excavation. Thus, it ensures that the destruction of cultural heritage by excavation is avoided. This study first addresses the relationships between archaeology and cultural heritage. A description of archaeological information on the history of surveys are made. Furthermore, the contributions of surveying to cultural heritage are conveyed. Cilicia Region is the geographical limitation of the research. The material of the study is diversely selected from surveys carried out in the Cilician Region. Interdisciplinary works contributing to archaeological surveys are also presented. Many of them such as geography, geology, hydrology, Geomatics Engineering, epigraphy contribute to this research. In addition, common application methods (GIS, 3D Modelling, Photogrammetry etc.) of this studies are also discussed in this study. The implications of all these studies for cultural heritage are given. Temporally, the study covers the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Periods. The final section concludes the study by providing a general framework for the benefits of surveys for cultural heritage.</p> Ulus TEPEBAŞ Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage and Science 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 2 1 25 30